Arrays

Arrays are unique variables which can clasp more than one value under the same variable name, arranged with an index. Arrays are explained using a very simple syntax:


/* defines an array of 10 integers */
int numbers[10];   

Accessing a number from the array is done using the same syntax. Observe that arrays in C are zero-based, which means that if we explained an array of size 10, then the array cells 0 through 9 (inclusive) are explained. numbers[10] is not a definite value.

int numbers[10];

/* populate the array */
numbers[0] = 10;
numbers[1] = 20;
numbers[2] = 30;
numbers[3] = 40;
numbers[4] = 50;
numbers[5] = 60;
numbers[6] = 70;

/* print the 7th number from the array, which has an index of 6 */
printf("The 7th number in the array is %d", numbers[6]);   

Arrays can only have one kind of variable, because they are executed as a series of values in the computer’s memory. Because of that, retrieving a definite array cell is very efficient.

Exercise

  • The code below does not compile, because the grades variable is missing.
  • One of the grades is missing. Can you explain it so the grade average will be 85?